Twister! By Other Means is a super-urban transit system in Beirut that seeks to reframe the agency of Beirut’s Future War. The Future War’s reintroduction into the built environment builds protective infrastructures that might reduce the harm of the inevitable conflicts in Beirut’s future. 

The project is predicated on the assumption that land sales between religious groups will soon be banned by the Lebanese parliament. In this scenario, the project proposes a division of land-rights and air-rights, so that the space above a building can be owned by an entity separate from the building owner. The result is a new kind of vertical zoning that overlaps and intersect the existing horizontal zoning.

The vertical zoning allows one biya to literally cross over another, rather than move through it. This system does not force people of different biya to live heterogeneously, which would violate the cultural practices of the city.

    The proposed infrastructure is a privately owned high speed rail transportation system that latches on to existing building structures for its primary support. The train systems will be constructed by a variety of (conflicting) religious and politial entities because of the military advantages they provide. In a city without stable infrastructure, this train system would allow groups like Hezbollah to quickly connect their headquarters to their frontier territory, the city ports, the financial center, and the airport without moving through potential enemy territory.

    The side effect of this web of train lines is a whole range of new vertical interactions between biya. the new interactions entangle the infrastructure
of different biya in the same geographic space. Since bombs are geographically targeted and unprecise, urbanicide bombings in Beirut become less and less feasible the more closely entwined the infrasture of conflicting biya becomes. If a Hezbollah-built train line sits atop a Meronite Church- owned residential building when war breaks out between them, the Church won’t bomb the building because their people live inside. Hezbollah won’t bomb it because their resource mobility relies on its structure. The people living there are made safer by the entanglement. In this way, the agency of the Future War is reframed to produce side effects that limit the damage of conflict in Beirut.


    While the conceptual project spans the urban fabric of Beirut, the designed project identifies a site in which vertical entanglements between biya are happening in a dense area. The site is located at a circulatory bottleneck at the south of the city in a Christian neighborhood called Doha Aramoun. Proximity to ports, high ground, the airport, and the mountain pass makes this site militarily strategic,and the convergence of the ocean and mountains reduce the available buildable space, thus increasing the infrastructural density and likelihood of interactions between biya....