Historically architecture has been used to create aesthetic conditions that conform to society’s idea of normal, normal
being ‘the common’ that is agreed upon by the multitude of diverse individuals that inhabit society. However,
spaces built through this idea of ‘the common’, embody only the assumptions and not the actual experiences and expectations
of this multitude. Space in the public realm should not conform to these questionable cultural “norms”,
rather space should reflect and empower the diverse subjectivities of its occupants. Instead of +trying
to develop forms that reflect and affirm common ideas and practices, this thesis will describe certain techniques
that will cause users to feel unsettled, through the use of
Paradoxical Maladaptive Design
unsettling of spaces is a critical act that seeks to open them up to diverse interpretations, foregrounding their
potential to support virtuality in terms of new ideas and practices.
Paradoxical Maladaptive Design is a type of design
that focuses on dismantling a user’s idea of normal through
the employment of techniques such as:
illogical drift, spatial interlacing, leftover space, system
collision, spatial tension and blurred boundaries
. It forces the user
to be confronted with the realization that their own subjective reality
is not a true reality, but one constructed from their own privileges and experiences.
This type of design does not strive to fully adapt, but instead purposefully
creates unused spaces by intersecting different temporary and semi-
permanent programs. This intersection causes new and unique aesthetic conditions
which are not set upon any precedent and exemplify the diverse set of subjects that
are meant to use the space, in turn creating a more inclusive environment.
is something that is formed based on a The sensory experience of aesthetics is one that has been
collective presumption of identical subjectivities of the researched extensively. While aesthetics can help to unravel a
people who inhabit it. Each person speaks as a distribution of the sensible it can also completely
representative of the common discourse, which is why this distribution of the sensible in order to enact change. This
when something or someone new enters society, the thesis is proposing an aesthetic that contradicts the
community sees them, initially, as a
. This commonalities of a community, in order to portray a reality
intruder is a concept commonly written about that can that differs from the one that the community functions upon.
be identified through terms such as “the other” or “the It is this contradiction that will cause members of the community
stranger”. to feel
in a given space, which is the first catalyst in
promoting diverse interpretation.
The uncanny aesthetically
an object from something heimlich to unheimlich. Although all users will experience a space
differently, architecture can become uncanny for everyone through the scope of
. In architecture, spaces of the same use
or function, all have the same attributes. They all need to function in a specified way so that the space can flow. But what happens when a space becomes comprised of excess?
is not programed a specific way for any specific use so no matter what
temporary program is inserted; the flow of the space will never be quite right and will feel uncanny.
The Grotesque is a type of aesthetic that lends way
to new realities by creating awareness for realities that
are unlike our own. It does not abstract the
familiar; rather, it portrays portions of the world
that are normally kept
from our subjective
realities. In order to dismantle man’s subjective reality, Tension is a technique that is used in many art forms to invite a viewer
the grotesque confronts the user with a reality to think critically. When a viewer sees art that contradicts their own
much different than their own. One that
expectations or experiences, they are
. This disorientation
notions they have had up until this point. This causes them question what they are seeing, question those
confrontation is what enacts the critical contradictions and question those expectations and experiences that brought
thinking needed to promote change. them to a certain assumption. This
of their assumptions